Tsum Valley Trek

Duration: 17 Days

Highlights of Tsum Valley Trek


  • Walks through a remote and least trekked trail taking you to the lap of world’s 8th highest Mt. Manaslu and near the Tibet border.
  • You will get a chance to see the ancient trading route with Tibet.
  • Gigantic Himalayan panorama of Ganesh Himal, Himal Chuli, and other peaks.
  • Pass through the beautiful lush green forest, thundering rivers, suspension bridge, waterfalls, and many monasteries including Rache Gompa.
  • You will be able to visit high valleys and villages of Tibetan Buddhist custom.
  • Varied terrain, mixed ethnicity, and ancient village of mediaeval Tibetan culture.
Trip Duration

17 Days

Maximum Altitude


Trip Grade


Group Size






Tsum Valley Trek Overview

Tsum Valley Trek is a special place in Nepal, hidden near the Tibetan border. This valley, surrounded by high mountains, used to be secret until 2008. This makes it one of the least explored trekking spots in Nepal. Tsum Valley has kept its traditional and natural beauty away from modern influences.

The trek to Tsum Valley follows the Budhi Gandaki River, offering a variety of plants and animals. You will see lush green forests of pine and rhododendron, waterfalls along the river, and numerous bird species in the woods. This area is also home to Himalayan Tahr and Blue Sheep.

The local people are originally from Tibet and have their own language. The untouched landscapes and remote villages make the trek a unique experience. You will get stunning views of mountains like Ganesh Himal (7,422 m/24,350 ft.), Shringi Himal (7,165 m/23,507 ft.), and Boudha Himal (6,672 m/21,890 ft.).

Tsum Valley Trek is also known for its ancient monasteries and the belief that the Buddhist Saint Milarepa meditated in the mountains. The valley has remained unchanged for centuries. During the trek, you will come across mani walls, chortens (Buddhist shrines), and kaanis (gateway chortens).

Because Tsum Valley Trek is a restricted area, you usually need at least two people in a group. However, our local trekking agency can arrange a group permit so you can have a private trek. This journey is not just about the breathtaking landscapes but also about experiencing Tibetan culture and the warm hospitality of the local people.

The trek starts with a scenic drive to Arughat and then Soti Khola which follows the Budhi Gandaki River. The trail takes you through villages, rhododendron forests, and pine trees. After passing Lokpa, the gateway to Tsum Valley Trek, you will reach Chumling. Upon reaching here, you will be welcomed with monasteries and stunning mountain views.

Heading north, the trek goes through Chhekamparo, where the landscape changes from sub-tropical forests to alpine pastures and high mountain deserts. You will then encounter sacred sites like Milarepa Cave and reach Mu Gompa, the northernmost point.

On the way back from the trek, you will reach Rachen Gompa. The trek concludes with a route through Lokpa, Jagat, and finally back to Arughat. From here we will take a local bus back to Kathmandu. Tsum Valley Trek offers a unique blend of Tibetan culture, breathtaking landscapes, and the warmth of the local people, making it an extraordinary adventure.

Trip Information


The 18 days trek itinerary includes 14 nights of lodge and teahouse stays and 3 nights at Kathmandu.Tea Houses are the most common type for the night stay during the Tsum Valley Trek. The teahouses are very basic and run by the local people. We are aware that you are not here for the sophisticated and luxurious stay, but they play a good role in overall experience.

We will do our best to locate the good lodges for you to spend the night during the Tsum Valley trek. You will be staying in the double bedroom with attached bathrooms where possible. But as you go higher, you will find very basic rooms with no attached bathroom. We will select the best lodges, paying attention to hygiene.


Eating healthy and nutritious foods while going to Tsum Valley Trek is super important. Two big things to remember while you are in high altitude are hydration and nutrition. We advise you to have fresh and green vegetables rather than frozen meat when you are at high altitude. Also, green tea, lemon tea, ginger tea or garlic soup are also very much beneficial when you are trekkin to high altitude.

As you will spend 18 days on this trip, we will provide you 16 breakfast, 16 lunch and 15 dinners during the Tsum Valley trek. The food menu is provided by the teahouse itself and they provide nutrient rich foods. Also, we would like you to suggest that, always focus on local foods rather than western or continental dishes. As you ascend higher, the food menu will get limited and expensive.

Breakfast Menu: Muesli, Bread, Fruits, Vegetables, Oatmeal, Corn Flakes, toast with Jam, Butter, Cheese, Chapati, Eggs, Pancakes, Hot drinks (varieties of teas and coffees, hot chocolates, etc.)

Lunch Menu: Dhal, Bhat, & Curry, Tibetan Bread, Potatoes, Vegetables, Pizza, Various Soups, Sherpa Stew, Sandwiches, Momo, Macaroni, Spaghetti Noodles, Thukpa, Pasta, etc

Dinner Menu: Dhal, Bhat & Curry, Tibetan Bread, Various Soups, Vegetable Pizza (Tomato, Mushroom, Mixed), Momo, Macaroni, Spaghetti, Noodles Thukpa, Pasta, Ramen etc


In the past, Arughat was the place where people used to start their journey for the Tsum Valley Trek. But now, due to the expansion of roads in recent years, you can begin the trek even further at Soti Khola. But, you will not find any direct public bus that will take you from Kathmandu to Soti Khola. You will have to make a stop in Arughat. The distance between Kathmandu and Arughat is around 136 kilometres, and the ride usually takes at least 5 to 6 hours.

The road from Kathmandu to Arughat is generally in good condition, so you can expect a smooth ride. However, things can get a bit bumpy especially on the road between Arughat and Soti Khola. If there has been heavy rain, the road about 30 to 45 kilometres ahead of Arughat might be extremely muddy.

Once you arrive in Arughat, you can find small jeeps available to transport people from Arughat to Soti Khola. These jeeps make regular trips along this route which make it easier for us to reach their starting point for the Tsum Valley Trek.

Best season and Weather

Tsum Valley trek offers a mesmerising experience, and the best times to start on this adventure vary with the seasons. Spring, starting from early March to late May month is the prime season to trek. During this time, the weather is ideal for both long and short treks, providing clear views of the stunning Himalayan landscapes.

Another excellent time for the Tsum Valley trek is in autumn, from early September to the end of November. This season boasts clear skies, ensuring open views of the majestic mountain ranges. Autumn also aligns with important Nepalese festivals like Dashain and Tihar, allowing trekkers to immerse themselves in the local culture and celebrations.

While the summer and monsoon seasons, starting from early June to late August, might not be the top choice due to heavy rainfall and slippery trails. But many adventure lovers will find this weather as a unique experience. The decreased number of trekkers makes it an ideal time for those who prefer less crowded routes. This season also provides insights into traditional farming practices and the chance to observe the lush greenery and wild flowers brought about by the rain.

The winter season, from December to February, brings cold and dry conditions. Although temperatures can drop significantly, adventure seekers are drawn to this time. This season also gives you the great opportunity to witness pristine Himalayan views. Villagers often migrate to lower altitudes during mid-December to mid-February. Snowfall can make the trek more challenging. So being prepared with proper equipment like walking sticks and crampons can enhance the experience, especially in higher altitudes.

Trip Difficulty

The Tsum Valley trek is located in the northern part of Gorkha district in Nepal This is a trip that combines breathtaking scenery, cultural richness, and challenging terrain. The difficulty of the trek varies, presenting a mix of moderate to hard parts. The trail is less explored by trekkers compared to other popular routes in the Annapurna and Everest regions.

The trek begins in the lower foothills with gentle ascents and descents, allowing trekkers to acclimatize gradually. As you walk ahead, the trail gains elevation, and the terrain becomes more challenging. Steep ascents and descents are accompanied by narrow paths with lush forests, river valleys, and alpine meadows.

One of the challenging parts of this trip might be the ascent to Mu Gompa, the highest point on the Tsum Valley trek. This day you will have to ascend upto 3700 m above sea level. To walk through high altitude, and steep terrain physical fitness and proper acclimatisation is must. Trekkers should be prepared for changing weather conditions, including cold temperatures and occasional snowfall, particularly at higher elevations.

The remoteness of the region adds an extra layer of difficulty, as foods and accommodations  become more basic. Accommodations may be simple tea houses with limited resources, emphasizing the need for self-sufficiency in terms of supplies and equipment.


Tsum Valley Trek Detail Itinerary

Day 01: Arrival in kathmandu international airport and Transfer to hotel.

When you land in Kathmandu, our team will be there to meet you at the Tribhuvan International Airport. They will help you to get through the immigration and customs. After that, they will transfer you to a 3-star hotel in Kathmandu through private vehicle. Once you have checked in, you can relax and get refreshed in your room. If you like, go out to explore the exciting city of Kathmandu by yourself.

Day 02: Drive from Kathmandu to Sotikhola [710m] 7 hours

Early in the morning we will catch the bus from buspark and set our journey to Soti Khola. The bus will wander up the dirt road past busy locals, ramshackle shopfronts and colourful buses. The road will wound alongside the Budi Gandaki and some past familiar sights. We will cross several small towns and green hills until we reach the Soti Khola. We will cover a total 145 kilometres from Kathmandu and take around 7 hours to reach Soti Khola. After the long bumpy ride, we will have a good rest in Soti Khola.

Day 03: Soti Khola - Maccha Khola [900m]: 6 hours

Today you will start the Tsum Valley trek with the mesmerizing journey through the heart of the Himalayas. The trail offers you a unique blend of natural beauty and cultural richness. Upon starting the trek you will be surrounded by terraced fields and rustic charm. The trail winds its way along the Budhi Gandaki River.


As you pass through lush forests and quaint villages, they are treated to breathtaking views of thundering waterfalls and towering peaks. The suspension bridges add the sensation of adventure when swaying gently as you cross them. You will also be able to observe the diverse ethnic communities residing in the area. This allows you to exchange the culture and insights into the local way of life.


Maccha Khola offers you the scenic backdrop and welcoming atmosphere, and serves as a rewarding destination. Today the trek

Day 04: Maccha Khola -Jagat [1410m]: 6 hours

Today the trial is quite straightforward with some moderate climbs. We will pass through a beautiful forest and cross a few suspension bridges, witnessing the charm of pasture lands and terraced fields. After we will walk further our next destination is Dovan.


As we trek further for a few hours, we’ll arrive at Khorla Besi village. After the gentle incline we will head towards Tatopani. This place is known for its natural hot springs which is a perfect spot for relaxation.


Our journey continues as we cross ridges and another suspension bridge over the Budhi Gandaki river. After that we will make our way to Dovan, crossing a village and yet another suspension bridge.


After descending steeply, we will reach the banks of Budhi Gandaki, concluding our day’s trek in the charming village of Jagat.

Day 05: Jagat to Chisopani (1660m): 4-5 hours

Today, the trial takes us to the town of Chisopani. Our walk begins as we enter the charming village following a narrow path that leads us to Salleri. As we ascend, a gentle climb brings us to the picturesque Sirdibas. Along the way, we will be treated to breathtaking views of the majestic mountain ranges that surround us.


The scenic beauty continues as we make our way to Chisopani. This village offers us the chance to immerse ourselves in the stunning landscapes that unfold before our eyes.


Day 06: Chisopani to Chumling (2,386m): 6 - 7 hours

The trek from Chisopani to Chumling is a remarkable journey that displays the pristine landscapes of the Manaslu region in Nepal. After beginning the walk, you will be treated to panoramic views of the Himalayan peaks. The trail descends through lush rhododendron forests, providing a refreshing trekking experience.


The journey continues alongside rivers and streams, crossing suspension bridges. The trek passes through small settlements of Deng. You will notice traditional architecture and warm hospitality of the locals which create a memorable experience.


Chumling, situated at a higher altitude, marks a significant point in the trek. This village is part of the Tsum Valley, a hidden gem in the Himalayas known for its ancient monasteries, sacred sites, and unique culture. Chumling itself is adorned with traditional stone houses and prayer flags fluttering in the mountain breeze.

Day 07: Chumling to Chokhangparo (3,010m): 4-5 hours

During the day, we will be able to see the breathtaking views of the stunning Ganesh Himal mountain range. As we continue our journey, we follow the Shiar Khola. It is a smaller river that flows into the Budhi Gandaki. Along our way, we came across a small Tibetan monastery. This monastery is a lovely reminder of the strong Tibetan cultural influence in this region.


Our day ends after we arrive in Chhokangparo, which is the largest village in the valley. This charming village offers a warm and welcoming atmosphere. This makes it a perfect place to rest and explore the unique culture and natural beauty of this remote valley.



Day 08:Chokhangparo to Nile (3,361m): 5-6 hours

Following the guidance of the winding tributary, we venture deeper and higher into the valley, tracing the footsteps of an ancient trade route leading to Tibet. We will encounter various cultural and historical landmarks, such as chortens, stupas, mani walls, and monasteries during the walk.


Our journey takes us to Milarepa’s Cave, sitting on the slope of Langju Himal. A short walk east from the cave brings us to the Chi Pu monastery, offering a glimpse into the spiritual heritage of the region. Crossing the southeast bank of Siyar Khola, we proceed to Phurbe. From here our path ascends towards the Nile.


Nile welcomes us with a Gompa and barren landscape. We will spend our night in these  picturesque landscapes and culturally significant sites.

Day 09:Nile to Mu Gompa (3,700m): 3 hours

Today, our trekking adventure takes us close to the Nepal-Tibet border, with the day starting from the Nile and trek towards westward. Today we will be going to the Mu Gompa which is a sacred place situated at an impressive altitude of 3700 metres. This Gompa, aged 77 years, offers not only spiritual significance but also breathtaking panoramic views. From here you will be able to view the surrounding mountains and the magnificent Lungdang Glacier.


The trek from Nile to Mu Gompa is relatively short, allowing for a gradual acclimatisation to the higher altitude. Once at Mu Gompa, you will see two prominent passes on either side of the Gompa. To the east is the Mailatasachin Pass, standing tall at 5,093 metres, and to the west is the Thapla Bhanjyang Pass,at an elevation of 5,104 metres.

Day 10: Exploration around Mu Gompa.

After the long day of trek, we will rest to adjust our body at high altitude. Mu Gompa is a peaceful and hidden place located in the Tsum Valley. Today, we plan to take it easy and explore the beautiful surroundings.


Our journey begins with a visit to Mu Gompa, which is the most important and well-known monastery in this area. It’s a special place where monks live and pray. We will get to see their daily life and maybe even join in some of their activities. Our day ends after returning to the teahouse overnight.

Day 11:Mu Gompa to Burgi Village (3,245m) via Milarepa cave: 5 hours

We will start our journey by walking alongside the beautiful Shiar Khola River until we reach the small village of Burgi. From here the trial is upward which leads us to an exciting climb to the Milarepa cave. It’s not just any cave; it offers breathtaking views of the Poshyop glacier, Churke Himal, and Kipu Himal. You will be amazed by the stunning natural beauty that surrounds you as you make your way up to the cave. After around 5 hours of trek, we will finally reach Burgi Village for an overnight stay.


Day 12:Burgi village -Chumling (2,386): 5-6 hours

As we descend down, nature will feast our eyes by the breathtaking sight of lush green hills surrounding us. Our journey takes us to the charming village of Gho, where we get to cross a bridge over the Sarpu Khola river. Continuing the walk through the enchanting Tsum Valley, we eventually arrive in the serene village of Chumling. Along the way, we’ll have the opportunity to enjoy the natural beauty of the landscape and immerse ourselves in the unique culture of this region.

Day 13:Chumling to Philim (1,570m): 6-7 hours

You will have a descent route through Lokpa, which offers some fascinating views. During the walk, you will be amazed to see the thundering Samba Falls. As you make your way down, you’ll be treated to unique and picturesque perspectives of the landscape. Enjoy the journey and the beautiful scenery as you head back to Philim.

Day 14:Philim to Khorlabesi(970m): 6-7 hours

We will start our walk going down a trail through picturesque places like Sirdibas. After we walk ahead more, the trek will gradually lead us to Jagat, and then Yaruphant. As you descend, the tough Tibetan terrain gradually gives way to lush subtropical vegetation. The trail then leads us through charming spots like Dovan and Tatopani. You can have the chance to unwind in the soothing hot springs in Tatopani. Finally, the destination for the day is Khorla Besi. You can soak into the beauty of the surroundings and rest after a day of exploration.

Day 15:Khorlabesi to Soti Khola (700m): 6-7 hours

Today most of the trail leads us downhill as we follow the path along the Budhi Gandaki river. Ahead we will cross the small settlements of Machha Khola, Lapubesi, and Khursane. The route is adorned with beautiful waterfalls and stretches through scenic pine forests. Our final destination for the day is the charming Sotikhola. Our day of exploration and discovery will come to a close as we reach here.

Day 16:Soti Khola to Arughat to Kathmandu (600m): 9 hours

Today, we will continue our journey by crossing the Arkhet Khola river and walking for about 4 hours. This will lead us to Arughat, a charming destination. Upon Arughat we will conclude our trek and head back to Kathmandu via public bus.


You will have to take a 7-8 hour ride to reach Kathmandu. This drive will allow us to enjoy the scenic views and landscapes as we make our way back to the capital city. It is a great way to end our adventure, taking in the sights of Nepal before returning home. Your Tsum Valley Trek ends as you reach Kathmandu.

Day 17:Transfer to the airport for the final departure

Our team members will assist you to the airport to ensure a smooth and hassle-free experience in the airport. They will assist you to board your flight without any difficulties

Cost Includes
  • Airport / Hotel / Airport pick up & drop by private car or van. It is depend of the group.
  • Two nights standard accommodation in 2/3 star category hotel in Kathmandu located tourist center, or up to you.
  • Meals on full board (Breakfast, lunch and dinner) during the in trekking
  • Local fresh fruits like orange, apple, banana and grape etc.
  • All accommodations during the trek.
  • Everest trekking map.
  • Both ways domestic flight from Kathmandu/ Lukla/ Kathmandu with airport tax.
  • An experienced Government licensed holder guide and porter to carry your luggage during the trek.
  • Food, drinks, accommodation, insurance, salary, equipments, transportation, local tax for Guide and porter
  • Group medical supplies (first aid kit will be available).
  • If you need we will provide you sleeping bag, down jackets, Duffle bag and, if necessary etc.
  • All necessary Government paper works and national park entry permits and TIMS Card etc.
  • Travel & Rescue arrangement.
  • All government taxes and Vat.
Cost Excludes
  • Meals your self Kathmandu (L+D).
  • Your Travel insurance.
  • International airfare.
  • Nepal entry visa ( You can obtain a visa easily upon your arrival at Nepal’s Airport in Kathmandu).
  • All kind drinks (Alcoholic, hot and cold drinks)
  • Personal shopping and laundry etc.
  • Personal trekking Equipments.
  • Tips for trekking staff and driver. (Tipping is expected, but it is not mandatory)
  • If do any tour and sightseeing and other activities etc.

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